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DOJ Trying to Stop Western Recruits    09/16 06:23

   MINNEAPOLIS (AP) -- When young men from Minneapolis began traveling to 
Somalia seven years ago to join a terror group in the midst of a civil war, 
investigators trying to stop the recruiting went straight to the city's large 
Somali community to build trust and gain understanding.

   The nationwide effort to stop a new wave of Westerners being recruited, this 
time for Islamic State militant groups in Syria and Iraq, could take some cues 
from Minnesota. Attorney General Eric Holder said Monday the Justice Department 
is launching a series of pilot programs to help detect American extremists 
looking to join terror organizations in countries like Syria and Iraq.

   Locations for the programs weren't announced and few details were released, 
but Holder said they would bring together religious leaders, prosecutors and 
community representatives. Such a program would be welcomed in Minnesota --- 
where authorities also are now investigating how a handful of people were 
recruited to travel to Syria and take up arms with militants. Several Somalis 
have been subpoenaed to testify before a federal grand jury --- some back in 
June and others as recently as last week.

   "It looks like the community is under siege and kids are being recruited day 
and night, and something has to be done immediately to stop this," said Omar 
Jamal, director of American Friends of Somalia. "They have to act very quickly 
... I'm afraid it's going to be too little, too late."

   Authorities have confirmed that at least one Minnesota man has died while 
fighting for the Islamic State, and some families fear their daughters have 
also gone overseas to take up the cause.

   Officials in Minneapolis began reaching out to at-risk communities years 
ago, after some local Somalis began traveling to their homeland to join the 
terror group al-Shabab, which is linked to al-Qaida. Since 2007, more than 22 
young Somalis went from Minnesota to Somalia to fight.

   Ralph Boelter, head of the Minneapolis FBI office when the travels to 
Somalia first came to light, said his efforts included lunches with community 
members, appearances on Somali television and radio programs, and making sure 
his office was engaged with groups from elders to youth.

   The departures of young men to Somalia seemed to slow, though al-Shabab's 
fading power in Somalia along with several high-profile prosecutions --- most 
on charges of providing material support for terrorism --- may have dissuaded 

   But Boelter said he thought the outreach made people more comfortable 
providing information.

   "Things like, people who were going to travel --- it certainly increased the 
opportunity or chance that we would learn about that before it happened," he 
said. "It gave us a lot more insight into what was happening, what people were 
talking about, what people were thinking about."

   Gregory Boosalis, an FBI spokesman in Minneapolis, said that since 2012 the 
FBI has made about 50 presentations on the dangers of al-Shabab and terror 
recruiting. In late 2013, when authorities learned of the possibility that some 
people were traveling to Syria, the FBI intensified its efforts --- educating 
police, handing out cards for people with anonymous tips, and engaging with 

   Boosalis said outreach efforts were reflected in early June, when a suburban 
Minneapolis mosque called police after a teacher reported that a man had been 
expressing radical ideas to young people. Leaders of Al Farooq Youth and Family 
Center in Bloomington barred the man from the premises and police referred the 
case to the FBI.

   Efforts to raise awareness about extremism also may be sinking in with 
average community members.

   One Somali woman, Saredo Kulane, told The Associated Press last week she 
thinks someone brainwashed a neighbor who's thought to have traveled to Syria. 
She said she believes there are recruiters targeting youth, and if she sees 
something, she will speak up.

   "I will call the government and tell them," she said through an interpreter. 
"I will never let them go, because they are killing our children."


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